A hysterectomy is a surgery to remove the woman’s womb through an incision in the lower abdomen. The uterus is the place for the baby to grow when a woman is pregnant. By removing the hysterectomy, part of the uterus is removed. There is no longer the option to get menstrual or become pregnant.
Women under hysterectomy have a different reason including the cancer of the uterus, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, bleeding that causes pain and other problems. Another type of problems is a sliding position of the uterus in the vaginal canal and abnormal vaginal bleeding, Adenomyosis or the thickening of the uterus gives chronic pelvic pain.
What are the types of hysterectomy?
Hysterectomy is the treatment to approach for cancerous reasons. A surgeon will choose the whole or remove part of the uterus depending on the patient’s health and the measure of the disease. Here, the terms need to be clarified to remove the ovaries and cervix.
A surgeon will remove only the upper part of the uterus in the process of partial hysterectomy. Keeping the cervix in the place of the uterus, this treatment is termed as supracervical.
The surgeon will remove the whole uterus and cervix from the body. By the radical hysterectomy treatment, the surgeon will remove the tissue on the side of the vagina part, womb and cervix. The treatment is only applicable for the cancer patients.
Oophorectomy – The process to remove the ovaries or clean the tissues and leave the ovaries in place.
Salpingectomy – Removal of tubes from the uterus.
Belateral Salpingectomy- Oophorectomy: The treatment to remove both tubes and both ovaries from the whole uterus.
Why do a hysterectomy or partial hysterectomy?
An abdominal total or partial hysterectomy is recommended by a doctor to the woman’s who has a large uterus, the signs of disease in pelvic organs, and in the best interest of the patient towards having an abdominal hysterectomy.
Fibroids – A good-natured uterine tumor often leads anemia, bladder pressure, pelvic pain, and persistent bleeding. To avoid these causes, surgical and non-surgical treatments are used based on the patient health.
Endometriosis: The tissue grown on the inner and outside of the uterus on the ovaries, abdominal organs, fallopian tubes, and pelvic part. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is the treatment for the affected parts.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding can’t be controlled by the treatment when the heavy or irregular and prolonged in the menstruation cycle. A hysterectomy gives relief by removing the uterus. When the uterus is removed, menstruation will not happen for the woman.
Chronic Pelvic Pain – A hysterectomy is a permanent solution for the chronic pain, the treatment will give relief from some forms of pelvic pain but isn’t applicable for all forms of pelvic pain. The pelvic pain arises in the uterus may create new problems after the partial hysterectomy.
Uterine prolapse: Weakens the tissue and supporting ligaments in the vagina by the descent of the uterus. Hysterectomy is the necessary treatment for this prolapse. It leads to pelvic pressure, difficulty in the bowel movements and urinary incontinence.